CULTIVARS AND NAMES OF LAGERSTROEMIA
BAI MI XIANG - BYERS
'Bai Mi Xiang'
(unlabeled publication, received November 17, 2015): Plant referred to in entry for ‘Feng Ling’: "'Feng Ling' is recommended for trial by nurserymen and horticulturists as a flowering woody landscape plant in China. It is particularly adapted to conditions in Cold Hardiness Zone 7-9. This cultivar was selected for its outstanding disease resistance, environmental stress tolerance, bright pink flowers and dense florets. The open-pollinated seeds of L. indica 'Bai Mi Xiang' were radiated by Co in 2011. The seedlings were planted in 2011 and first flowered in 2012. Fertile but reproducible only vegetatively. Deciduous and erect shrub, 1.8m high and 2m wide in 3 years. Bark exfoliates on trunks and older branches, four-striate young shoots are red-purple (Red purple 59 A). Leaves are elliptical, dark green (Yellow green 147A above and Yellow green 146B beneath), acute at the apex, obtuse to cuneate base, 7.3-8.3cm long and 3.9-4.6cm wide and are yellow (yellow-orange 20A to greyed-orange 163B) in autumn. The ovate panicles are 20-30cm long and 8-15cm wide, with 120-180 pink (Red purple 65A ) florets, each 4.3cm in diameter, with long-clawed, crinkled petals, 13mm long, 16mm wide, white flare at the base and bloom from June to September. It will be a promising garden with large amount of blooms." Breeders were Qixiang Zhang, Huitang Pan, Yuanjun Ye, Yang Liu, Xing Hu, Ming Cai, Wan Xu, Ke Wang, Tangren Cheng, and Jia Wang at Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China. Name considered November 17, 2015.
'Bai Yun Ying Xia'
(unlabeled publication, received November 17, 2015) Mentioned in publication received for ‘Wan Zi’: "'Wan Zi' is recommended for trial by nurserymen and horticulturists as a flowering woody landscape plant in summer in south region of the Yellow River of China (Cold Hardiness Zone7-9). This cultivar was selected for its gorgeous flower color and wide planting range or conditions.
((L. indica × L. indica 'Bai Yun Ying Xia') × L. indica 'Berlingot Menthe'). Crosses were made in 2008 and 2011, planted in 2009 and 2012 separately, and first flowered in 2013. Fertile but reproducible only vegetatively. Deciduous, upright, multi-stemmed tree or shrub, 1.3m high and 40-50cm wide in 2 years. The gray-brown bark of the older branches and trunk exfoliates due to exposure. The young shoots are four-striate. Mature leaves are dark green (RHS 147A), 3-5cm long and 2-3cm wide, elliptical, slightly acute at the apex, obtuse to cuneate at the base, and to be bright orange-red in autumn while young leaves are faintly red –tinged. Flower panicles are 18cm long and 15cm wide, with 50-70 purple (RHS 78B) edged white (RHS 155C) florets, each 3.5-4.1cm in diameter, 0.9-1.2cm long, 1.1-1.4cm wide, with long-clawed, obvious-crinkled petals and bloom from late June to September." Breeders were Qixiang Zhang, Wan Xu, Ming Cai, Jun Shi, Yuanjun Ye, Ke Wang, Huitang Pan, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang, Guichang Wu, Kunliang Liu, and Xiuyu Fu at Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China.
Color designations are according to the Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart 2001. Hardiness ratings are based on Plant Hardiness Zone Map of China, USDA. Name considered November 17, 2015.
‘Baker Dwarf Blue’
(Griffing Nurs., Beaumont, TX. Cat. p. 34. 1923): Dwarf; fls. blue.
= ‘Dwarf Blue’, ‘Blue Midget’, ‘Nana Blue’, ‘Nana Corrulea’.
(Olle Olsson Nurs., Monrovia, CA. P.L. 1988, without descr.)
= ‘Basham’s Party Pink’, ‘Basham’s Pink’.
‘Basham’s Party Pink’
(D.R. Egolf and A.O. Andrick, The Lagerstroemia Handbook/Checklist, AABGA, p. 42. 1978): Growth habit spreading with rounded crown, in 1973 plant 35 ft tall and 35 ft wide; lvs. 3-4 in long, 1-1½ in wide, light green turning orange-red to yellow in autumn; panicles 12-18 in long, 6-8 in across, lavender pink; mildew resistant. Orig. as chance seedling sel. in 1963 and named in 1965 by B.M. Basham, Conroe , TX . Intro. in 1965 by Lynn Lowrey, Conroe , TX . Name registered February 26, 1975.
= ‘Basham Pink’, ‘Basham’s Pink’.
(Tom Dodd Nurs., Inc., Semmes, AL. W.P.L. p. 7. 1981-1982): Orchid pink.
= ‘Basham’s Party Pink’, ‘Basham Pink’.
(Ornamentals South 4(3):13-14. April 1982): Miniature; deep red flower color; begins blooming June 1-15; popular red color.
( Carolina Nurs., Moncks Corner, SC. Fl 1986): Deep red. Plant Patent #4183.
(Hines Nurs., Santa Ana, CA. 42:Plant Book 1988): Deep Red. Plant Patent #4183. Exclusive Hines Introduction. Miniature, weeping. L. indica Dixie Series.
[NOTE: This plant was originally registered December 15, 1980, and published in The Lagerstroemia Handbook/Checklist, AABGA, p. 42-43, 1978, as ‘Beverly’. A request by the originator to change the name to ‘Baton Rouge’ was made in a letter dated December 10, 1981. At that time the request was denied. In accordance with Article 14.3, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants-1995, p. 17, 1995, the name ‘Baton Rouge’ is now the accepted epithet.]
(L. Quinlan, Fl. & Gard. 9(4):20. 1965): Fls. red. Otto Spring, letter dated April 10, 1972, stated this not a cultivar.
(Ornamentals South 4(3):13-14. April 1982): Miniature, bicolor pink flowers, begins blooming June 1-15; heavy bloomer.
(Carolina Nurs., Moncks Corner, SC. Fl 1986): Bicolor Lav.-pink. Plant Patent #5302.
(Hines Nurs., Santa Ana, CA. 42:Plant Book 1988): Bi-color pink. Plant Patent #5302. Exclusive Hines Introduction. Miniature, Weeping. Orig. by Mr. David Chopin.
(David Chopin, Washington, PA. Variety Listing and Descriptions, undated, included with pers. com. to David Byers, Huntsville, AL. 5/11/95): “Color: Red-Pink Picotee. Height: 2-3'. Heavy bloomer with each flower having a deeper red edging along the outside of the petal. Picotee is most apparent when the weather is cooler. Beautiful greyish green foliage.”
(Desmartis & Cie., Bergerac, France. Cat. p. 18. 1973-74): Erect growth, branches exceptionally vigorous and slender; panicles long, fls. clear rose (Phlox rose), mid-July until autumn. Orig. as a hybrid developed in 1960 by Jacques Desmartis, Bergerac, France. Named and intro. in 1973 by Desmartis & Cie. Name registered January 15, 1975. In September, 1977, name changed to MONBAZILLAC®.
= ‘Desmon 104’ MONBAZILLAC®.
(Desmartis & Cie., Bergerac, France. Tarif Marchand Hors Taxes Autuomne 78, Pépinières Desmartis Catalogue. p. 57): New variety introduced into the trade for the first time in 1978. Selected at our nursery for its exceptional flowering which extends from July to Sept. Small flowers, numerous, clear red coloring (magenta); bushy habit; medium textured vegetation, recommended for clumps. Name registered February 23, 1979.
[NOTE: In accordance with the 1995 International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, names that are trademarked are not valid cultivar names. Therefore, the registration of the cultivar name BERGERAC® is rescinded and the cultivar name ‘Desber 102’ is registered and approved as of January 1, 1996. International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants - 1995, Principle 6, p. 4. 1995].
= ‘Desber 102’ BERGERAC®, ‘Dester 102’.
(Pépinières Jean Rey, Carpentras, France. 30:Automne 1990:Tarif General): Dwarf American variety: rose (pink) margined with white.
(Flower and Garden, p. 57, June 1978, advertisement Myrtles, Baton Rouge, LA): Red. Plant Patent #4183, issued January 10, 1978 : weeping, dwarf, mature height 10-20 in; fls. Rose-Bengal (57C). Orig. as seedling sel. by D.E. Chopin, Baton Rouge, LA; assigned to Chopin & Wright Nursery, Ltd., Baton Rouge, LA. Name registered December 15, 1980.
[NOTE: This name was originally registered December 15, 1980 , and published in The Lagerstroemia Handbook/Checklist, AABGA, p. 42-43. 1978. A request by the originator to change the name to ‘Baton Rouge’ was made in a letter dated December 10, 1981. At that time the request was denied. In accordance with Article 14.3, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants-1995, p. 17, 1995, the name ‘Baton Rouge’ is now the accepted epithet.]
= ‘Baton Rouge’.
(David Byers, Crapemyrtle A Grower’s Thoughts, p. 59. 1997): Each of the flowers on this new variety is mixed, red and white. With an upright habit, it is excellent as a specimen in a landscape planting. May reach four and a half feet in height. Information provided by the developer, David Chopin, now of Washington, PA.
(A.W. Meerow, T. Ayala-Silva, and B. Irish. HortSci. 50(10):1593-1594. 2015): multistemmed, densely branched, deciduous large shrub to small tree growing 4.5–6.0 m tall in 5 years from a 0.9-m tall liner; trunks are light gray colored (RHS Greyed-Green 196A) with patches of Greyed Green (191A). One-year-old stems are green and 5.3–7.0 mm in diameter; 2-year-old stems are RHS Greyed-Purple (187A) and 10–12 mm in diameter; leaves leathery, simple, glabrous 6–8 x 14–22 cm, elliptic, mucronulate at the apex, and irregularly and shallowly undulate at the margins, short petioles are 6.5–8.5 mm long, laminae are RHS Green 137A on the adaxial surface with a prominent RHS Yellow-Green 151D midrib that is roximally flushed red on younger leaves, venation is semicraspedodromus and the secondary veins are conspicuous, abaxial surface is RHS Yellow-Green (46C) and also with prominent venation; panicles are 17–42 cm long and have 1–2 flowers at the upper nodes and 3–4 flowers at the lower, subtended by a ~1 mm x 1 cm long lanceolate bract, surface of panicle, closed buds, and calyx are puberulent, flowers open first from the proximal positions to the distal in each panicle, flowers are 6.7–7.6 cm in diameter, borne on 6.8- to 8-mm-long pedicels, each subtended by a minute, and soon scarious, lanceolate racteole, and emit a faint honeylike fragrance, buds are 9.5–12.3 mm in diameter and are ribbed, calyx at anthesis is 2.4–3.0 cm wide, consisting of six deltoid, light green spreading sepals, each 7.8–8.8 mm long and 4–4.5 mm wide, acute at apex, with light pink (RHS Red-Purple 66C) spot on adaxial surface, and ribbed along abaxial margins, fused below into a 12-ribbed, cupule-like structure 11.5–12 mm wide. The corolla consist of six crinkled, crape-like, pink (RHS Red-Purple 66B, aging through 66D to 65D late in anthesis), broadly spatulate, stalked petals, inserted between the sepals, the stalk 4.4–5.4 mm long, white; the petal 3.1–3.4 cm long and 2.4–2.5 cm wide, up to 100 stamens are clustered around the base of the ovary in fascicles, the entire cluster 1.8–2 cm wide; filaments lax, 0.8–12 mm long, mostly light yellowish-green (RHS YellowGreen 150D), some flushed RHS Red-Purple 66D; anthers yellow, 1.0–1.3 mm long. Orig. after 2005 from open-pollinated seed collected from street planting in Mayaguez, PR; intro. in 2015 by USDA-ARS Subtropical Horticultural Research Station; PI 675009. Name registered December 8, 2015.
(D.R. Egolf, HortSci. 22(2):336-338. 1987): Deciduous, upright, multiple stemmed, arched crown, small tree, 6.1 m high and 3.6 m wide at 12 yrs; sinuous, mottled exfoliating bark of older branches and trunk reveals dark brown (Greyed Orange 166B to 177B 2) bark coloration; lvs. light bronze becoming lighter tinged, glossy, subcoriaceous, dark green, elliptic to obovate, glabrous, 5-10 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, dark yellow range to orange red to dark red in autumn; infls. branched, globose panicles 14-20 cm long, 12-20 cm wide with 170-325 florets; fls. pale pink (Red Purple 73C); continuous recurrent bloom; highly mildew tolerant under field conditions. Orig. in 1972 from a cross of (L. indica ‘Dwarf Red’ × L. fauriei) × (L. indica ‘Low Flame’ × L. fauriei); sel. in 1977; intro. in 1987 by the U.S. National Arboretum; NA 54974; PI 499820. Name registered May 1, 1992.
(Plants received at U.S. National Arboretum, Washington, DC, 12-21-90, from Bear Creek Gardens, Somis, CA.)
(Buds & Blooms Nurs., Brown Summit , NC . W.P.L., Sum-Fl 1991): Pure white, semi-dwarf, 5'.
(Byers Wholesale Nursery, Inc., Meridianville, AL, undated promotional brochure with color picture and description, procured 1/4/95): A lovely, pure white variety that is vigorous, free-branching and free-flowering. Maximum height is 5 ft. Drought resistant (PPAF). Jackson & Perkins™ Dwarf Crapemyrtle.
(James C. Kell, Comp., Houston, TX. Crapemyrtles in Cultivation, 1990: Rev. 6/94. unpubl.): Multi-trunked, upright, compact, stocky growth habit; height 6-8 ft.; small leaves; mildew resistance low; purple (cobalt blue) fls.; profuse bloom; long bloom period; said to have originated at Five-M Nursery approximately 1978.
(C.W. Stuart & Co., Newark, NY. Cat. p. 11. 1953): 4-6 ft high; fls. early summer to late autumn.
= ‘Dwarf Blue’, ‘Baker Dwarf Blue’, ‘Nana Blue’, ‘Nana Corrulea’.
(Grandview Nurs., Youngsville, LA. Cat. p. 9. 1967-68, without descr.).
(Earl E. Vallot, Grandview Nursery, Youngsville, LA. Pers. Com. 2/19/74): “These were liners acquired from Monrovia Nursery. In color, it closely resembles ‘Near East’ so we have discontinued growing this as a separate cultivar.”
(Ornamentals South 4(3):13-14. April 1982): Miniature; flower color watermelon red; blooms May 15 to June 1; most versatile variety--heavy bloomers.
(Greenleaf Nurs. Co., Park Hill, OK. Fall 1992-Spring 1993 Oklahoma-Texas Wholesale Cat. p. 31): Plant Patent #4182; Watermelon Red.
(David Chopin, Washington, PA. Variety Listing and Descriptions, undated, included with pers. com. to David Byers. 5/11/95): Color: Watermelon Red. Height: 2-3'. Greyish green foliage with heavy blooming.
[NOTE: This plant was originally registered December 15, 1980 , and published in The Lagerstroemia Handbook/Checklist, AABGA, p. 42-43. 1978, as ‘June Marie’. A request by the originator to change the name to ‘Bourbon Street’ was made in a letter dated December 10, 1981. At that time the request was denied. In accordance with Article 14.3, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants-1995, p. 17, 1995, the name ‘Bourbon Street’ is now the accepted epithet.]
= ‘June Marie’.
(Hobbie & Co., Calcutta, India. Cat. p. 11. 1941, without descr.).
‘Byars Wonderful White’
(Ben Lomond Nurs., Summitville, TN. Cat. 7:Sp-Fl 1987): Clear white.
= ‘Byers Wonderful White’, ‘Alabama White’, ‘Byers Clear White’, ‘Byers White’.
‘Byers Clear White’
(McLamb Nurs., Inc., W.P.L. 15:Fall 91-Spring 92, without descr.).
= ’Byers Wonderful White’, ‘Alabama White’, ‘Byars Wonderful White’, ‘Byers White’.
‘Byers Hardy Lavender’
(The International Plant Propagators’ Society Combined Proceedings. 33:542-545. 1983): Upright, ovate habit, height 20-25 ft; medium lavender fls.; flowers late and continues until frost; red fall foliage; hardy to USDA zone 6B. Sel. by Marcus D. Byers, 1950. Intro. 1970. Name registered October 29, 1993.
(Shadow Nurs., Winchester, TN. Cat. 8:Fl 85-Sp 87, without descr.).
‘Byers Regal Red’
(Shady Grove Plant & Nurs., Orangeburg, SC. Cat. 14:Fl 88-Sp89): Deep red, very heavy bloomer.
= ‘Regal Red’.
‘Byers Standard Red’
(The International Plant Propagators’ Society Combined Proceedings. 33:542. 1983): Upright vase habit, mature height 20-25 ft., width 8-10 ft.; fls. soft red; flowers approx. 75 days beginning in mid July; lvs. turning orange in fall; average mildew resistance and winter hardiness (USDA zone 7). A chance seedling selected in Madison County, AL, by Marcus D. Byers in 1965; intro. by David Byers, Huntsville , AL in 1970. Name registered October 29, 1993.
(Carroll Gdns., Westminster, MD. Cat. 91:1987): An outstanding white selection grows as a small multi-stem tree.
= ‘Byers Wonderful White’, ‘Alabama White’, ‘Byars Wonderful White’, ‘Byers Clear White’.
‘Byers Wonderful White’
(The International Plant Propagators Society Combined Proceedings. 33:543. 1983): Broadly upright, multi-stemmed growth habit, height 25 ft., width 10 ft.; begins to flower in late June; infls. to 2 ft. long with unusually large, open, clear white fls.; lvs. have yellow fall color; hardy to USDA zone 6B; good mildew resistance. A chance seedling selected by Marcus D. Byers at Byers Nursery Co., Inc., Madison County, AL. Intro. by David Byers, Huntsville , AL in 1970. Name registered October 29, 1993.
= ‘Alabama White’, ‘Byars Wonderful White’, ‘Byers Clear White’, ‘Byers White’.
Back to Introduction
CULTIVARS AND NAMES OF LAGERSTROEMIA
COMPILED BY RUTH L. DIX -- December 1, 1999 -- U.S. National Arboretum
Posted to U.S. National Arboretum Website January 6, 2005
-- Revised May 25, 2005
-- Revised November 7, 2016
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